When reading spec sheets, we sometimes come across the ambiguous term “module”. It’s a rather vague and imprecise word, which can have any number of meanings. It can refer to the shape of a cigar, a space ship or, in the present context – watchmaking – a complication plate. Clear as mud? Thought so. Let’s have a little chat about movements.
A movement is like a wedding cake. It can have several layers. As a minimum, it supplies the basic functions required of a watch engine. It will count the hours and the minutes and, even if it doesn’t necessarily display them, the seconds. To achieve this, it relies on several organs working together as a system: an energy source (the barrel), a system for measuring time (balance / balance spring and escapement), a transmission (the gears) and an interface with the wearer (the display). This is what is generally known as a base movement, sometimes referred to as a “tractor”.
The alarm / countdown module of the Slim d’Hermès Heure Impatiente © Eveline Perroud
However, a calibre can also offer any number of additional indications. A quick back-of-the-envelope calculation brings us to well over a hundred complications and combinations thereof. How are they supplied? There are two approaches. The first is to start off with the base movement, and on top of that, graft a separate bloc that deals with one or more additional functions. This is the module. It’s called a complication plate because it is in the shape of a circular plaque. But it’s not autonomous. It borrows its energy and timekeeping functions from the base movement, which carries and supplies it (hence the term “tractor”).
The advantage of a module is that it can be made separately and grafted onto different movements. It’s also far simpler than a base calibre, which makes it relatively economical to produce. It enhances calibres with useful functions such as additional time zones, big dates, power reserves and moon phase displays. It is indispensable when it comes to exotic displays such as wandering hours and retrograde functions. The disadvantage is that it is superimposed on top of the base movement, and any protrusions have to project at a different level. To give a typical example, in a chronograph module (from Audemars Piguet or Girard-Perregaux), the pushers are not on the same plane as the crown. Even worse, the date, which is often part of the base movement, looks like it’s at the bottom of a well.
The moon face itself is made from platinum (like most facets of this timepiece) along with the index also shows the age of the moon in 5-day intervals. This is a somewhat unusual feature and offers a measurement of exactly how many times the moon has improved through its 29.53-day cycle. The background of the disk is adorned with employed stars, presumably also in platinum although Buy Vacheron Constantin Watches Online Replica have not defined as such.The instance of the Vacheron Constantin Traditionnelle Complete Calendar Collection Excellence Platine Watch measures 41mm by 10.72mm, which should wear very comfortably and easily slip below a shirt cuff. Water resistance is graded to 3 bar, or 30m, suitable for spilled drinks or a fast dash through the rain, but certainly not a watch you’d want to wear to the shore — it is not as though platinum shore watches are otherwise a thing anyway.The lugs seem to be nicely curved to hug the wrist, and attach the watch into the included dark blue Mississippiensis alligator leather strap. Speaking of this strap, the leather is hand-stitched using a combination of silk and platinum thread, and is secured with a half Maltese cross-shaped folding clasp in 950 platinum. Once you browse the sticker price at the end of this guide, counting the number of times I’ve mentioned “platinum” might make it simpler to digest.Through a sapphire exhibition case-back, the superbly completed Calibre 2460 QCL of this Vacheron Constantin Traditionnelle Complete Calendar Collection Excellence Platine is revealed. This is a Hallmark of Geneva certified motion that meets all the exacting finishing criteria required by “the Seal”, along with a 22ct yellow gold rotor which supplies an eye-catching contrast from all the silvery blue and white accents. The motion oscillates in a contemporary 28,800vph, or 4Hz, is comprised of 308 components, and supplies a 40-hour power book. For a complete calendar that can be fiddly to reset, I’d have enjoyed a longer energy book, or an indicator to warn the wearer once the reserve is almost depleted. But given the wearer is comparatively active or keeps the watch on a winder, this shouldn’t pose much of a issue.
A chronograph with modular construction © Audemars Piguet
An alternative approach is an integrated movement. All the complications interact under the same roof, on a single plate, within a single unified whole. This construction is aesthetically more elegant, and it has a valuable functional advantage in that it is far thinner. Indeed, an integrated construction can incorporate functions in the lateral rather than the vertical plane. This is the case with Oris’s calibre 113, which includes a day, date, month and week number within a movement the same height as the calibre 110.
There is a third, rarer and more exclusive approach. A semi-integrated construction involves grafting organs onto a base movement. Rather than having their own plate, which adds precious millimetres to the height, these complications are inserted into voids created in an existing movement. This approach shaves off millimetres, but adds significant complexity. It is nevertheless the only approach that gets around the problem of developing an entirely new movement for each combination of complications. This is why Patek Philippe and A. Lange & Söhne adopt this approach for their grand complications.
The constant force split-seconds perpetual calendar tourbillon calibre of A. Lange & Söhne’s Tourbograph “Pour le Mérite” is semi-integrated © A. Lange & Söhne